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Broken Heart Syndrome Patient’s Count Increases in COVID-19

A report conducted on Thursday observed a significant increase in “broken heart syndrome” among some patients without coronavirus at two Ohio hospitals, suggesting physical, social, and economic stressors from the pandemic are going to take a physical toll. Stress-induced cardiomyopathy or Takotsubo syndrome — also referred to as “broken heart syndrome” — happens when the heart muscles weaken, leading to pain in the chest and shallow breath. It presents as a heart attack but is triggered in the bloodstream by stressful events, not blockages. In rare cases, it can be fatal but patients typically recover within days or weeks.

Cleveland Clinic researchers studied patients in two heart trouble hospitals that were treated this spring and compared them to patients with similar problems over the past two years. According to the study published in the medical journal JAMA Network Open, patients during the pandemic were two times more likely to have broken heart syndrome.

The research examined at 1,914 patients and during early stages of the pandemic from five distinct two-month spans including a survey of over 250 patients hospitalized in March and April.

The Connection

The new research failed to investigate whether there was any connection between broken heart syndrome and coronavirus stress, or watching a comparative suffer from the disease. The patient’s test for Covid-19 in the study and none of their tests have to return positive. Public health officials in the US and overseas have raised the alarm. It is about the mental health effects of coronavirus. Also, particular attention to the loneliness of socially distant living.

The new study found no substantial difference in the risk of death. It is between pre-pandemic patients and those hospitalized this year in March and April, researchers said. The experimental analysis has its limits. Researchers reviewed only patient medical records in northeastern Ohio. They state the most work needing to determine. It is whether these findings are true in other parts of the country. Researchers also said it would be worth exploring the direct relationship between Covid-19. Also, broken heart syndrome was not the subject of this research.

One specialist on broken heart syndrome, officially known as Takotsubo syndrome, faced doubts. It is about the methodology of the new study and points to potential bias opportunities.

Researchers only observed patients who underwent catheterization of the heart. It is a minimally invasive technique widely using to check for blockages in the arteries of the heart. Looking at this slice of patients alone could lead to sample biases. Horowitz said as it could exclude older and sicker patients from the study. It is because they are less likely to undergo catheterization.

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